Posted by : ayunichan September 09, 2010

Jenis teks Report berfungsi memberikan deskripsi tentang ciri-ciri umum dari suatu jenis benda, hidup ataupun mati. Teks ini berbeda dengan teks Deskripsi, yang fungsinya memberikan uraian tentang suatu benda tertentu dan tidak dimaksudkan untuk menjeneralisasi. Karena jenis teks ini digunakan hampir di semua mata pelajaran lain, kemampuan membuat dan memahami jenis teks ini merupakan bagian penting dari perkembangan kemampuan literasi di sekolah. Dengan demikian, pembelajaran jenis teks ini bukan hanya akan berpengaruh terhadap perkembangan keterampilan literasi dalam bahasa Inggris, tetapi juga dalam bahasa Indonesia, dan bahkan dalam bahasa ibu sekalipun.

A Report or a Description?
Banyak orang yang mempertanyakan apa perbedaan antara Report dan Description. Meskipun banyak orang yang menganggap kedua jenis teks tersebut pada dasarnya tidak berbeda, penulis-penulis berikut ini beranggapan bahwa kedua jenis teks tersebut berbeda. Bacalah dengan seksama kedua pernyataan tersebut, dan kemudian Anda mengetahui letak perbedaanya.
 General Classification: tells what the phenomenon under discussion is.
 Description: tells what the phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of
o parts (and their functions)
o qualities
o habits or behaviours, if living; uses, if non-natural






Contoh-Contohnya==


What is a kangaroo?

A kangaroo is an animal found only in Australia, although it has a smaller relative, called a wallaby, which lives on the Australian island of Tasmania and also in New Guinea.
Kangaroos eat grass and plants. They have short front legs, but very long, and very strong back legs and a tail. These they use for sitting up on and for jumping. Kangaroos have been known to make forward jumps of over eight metres, and leap across fences more than three metres high. They can also run at speeds of over 45 kilometres per hour.
The largest kangaroos are the Great Grey Kangaroo and the Red Kangaroo. Adults grow to a length of 1.60 metres and weigh over 90 kilos.
Kangaroos are marsupials. This means that the female kangaroo has an external pouch on the front of her body. A baby kangaroo is very tiny when it is born, and it crawls at once into this pouch where it spends its first five months of life.
Text Source: Peter Haddock Ltd., Ref.083


What is thunder and lightning?

Lightning is a sudden, violent flash of electricity between a cloud and the ground, or from cloud to cloud. A lightning flash, or bolt, can be several miles long. It is so hot, with an average temperature of 34,000° Centigrade, that the air around it suddenly expands with a loud blast. This is the thunder we hear.
Lightning occurs in hot, wet storms. Moist air is driven up to a great height. It forms a type of cloud called cumulo-nimbus. When the cloud rises high enough the moisture freezes and ice crystals and snowflakes are formed. These begin to fall, turning to rain on the way down. This rain meets more moist air rising, and it is the friction between them which produces static electricity. When a cloud is fully charged with this electricity, it discharges it as a lightning flash.

Text Source: Peter Haddock Ltd., Ref.083

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