Posted by : ayunichan September 09, 2010

Pada dasarnya tujuan teks Deskriptif adalah untuk memberi informasi. Faktor kontekstual/ konteks social jenis teks ini adalah suatu pemerian/deskripsi benda, hewan, atau manusia yang khusus (sesuatu benda tertentu, hewan peliharaan kita atau seseorang yang kita kenal baik), berbeda dengan report, yang merupakan deskripsi sesuatu yang bersifat lebih umum (misalnya suatu spesies hewan tertentu, arsitektur zaman tertentu, dan lain-lain).
Hubungan antara penulis/pengarang dan pembaca (Tenor) dalam teks Deskriptif adalah sebagai seseorang yang berwenang (authority) dan pembaca/pendengar yang tidak dikenal (unknown readers/listeners). Medium yang digunakan untuk teks deskriptif tertulis adalah ensiklopedia, majalah ilmiah, buku teks, dan teks-teks sejarah.
Sebagaimana Anda lihat pada contoh teks di atas, struktur generik teks Deskriptif adalah sebagai berikut:
 Classification atau Definition
 Description of features in order of importance.

Kosakata yang sering digunakan dalam teks Deskriptif adalah kata-kata yang berkaitan dengan nama-nama tempat: lokasi, tujuan, kegunaan, tampilan, dan bukti-bukti masa sekarang kalau diperlukan (Untuk bangunan). Untuk hewan, kata-kata yang digunakan adalah yang mendeskripsikan klasifikasi, penampilan, habitat, perilaku, siklus hidup, dan kegunaannya. Bahasa yang digunakan adalah bahasa netral/objektif.
Teks Deskriptif sering menggunakan salah satu bentuk be: present mau pun past dan salah satu bentuk have. Tense yang sering dipakai adalah present tense, tetapi sesekali juga menggunakan past tense jika hal yang dideskripsikan sudah tidak lagi ada. Bentuk pasif juga sering digunakan.
Fungsi-fungsi bahasa yang sering digunakan beserta tata bahasa dan kosa katanya adalah sebagai berikut:
• Defining: a/the … was a …
• Describing features (properties): adjectives
• Expressing cause and effect: because, so, as a result.
Teks deskriptif juga sering dilengkapi dengan foto, diagram, peta, dll.






Contoh - contohnya ==


The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

>Definition and time
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was a man-made structure that was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Hanging Gardens originated in approximately 605 B.C.
>Description of purpose
Babylon, the capiotal of Babylonia, was built between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, where modern Baghdad, in Iraq, stands today. King Nebuchadnezzar built the Hanging Gardens for his wife, Amytis, who was the Princess of the Medes.
>Description of features
The Hanging Gardens was built on arches overlooking the city walls. The lowest
and their use terrace was twenty-four metres off the ground and each succeeding terrace was three metres higher.There were about six terraces, so that the topmost terrace was forty metres off the ground.

>Description of physical
The first stage of the building was a series of brick archways that were the same
Features height as the city walls. Underneath them lay a shaded courtyard. On top of
(appearance) these arches, the Babylonians built long brick terraces in rows. These terraces were lined with lead, to hold the water, then covered with thick layers of fertile soil. Many exotic plants and trees were planted. Each flower-bed was the size of a tennis court and the area of each terrace was thirty meters long by five metres long by five metres wide.


Vitamin C
Vitamin C is a water-soluble required for the formation of connective tissue such as collagen, necessary for the formation of healthy skin, bones, cartilage and teeth. Vitamin C is also needed for the synthesis of neurotransmitters, hormones, such as thyroid and sex hormones, and carnitine needed for fatty acid breakdown.

Your Hotel

The Novotel Batam is an easy sail from Singapore only 35 minutes from the World Trade Centre. Located in the city centre, with an easy access to spectacular golf courses, shopping, entertainment district and other points of interest. Splendid seaview overlooking Singapore skyscrapers, the 4-star ‘Business Class’ hotel is Batam’s most prestigious hotel, with a total of 254 modern and stylish rooms, suites and apartments. Dining out often begins at Belanga’s Restaurant where Asian, Chinese, western and buffets of international dishes; the pub and bar offer cool refreshments anytime of the day or night. Three flexible meeting rooms stage memorable events for groups of 10 – 150, and the Grand Ballroom welcomes receptions of 1000 people. Sport and recreation provides a full-time aerobic instructor, gym with state-of-the-art exercise equipment, Jacuzzi and facilities for massage and sauna. An indoor pool highlights the sundeck and roof top .





Treasures of the Sea
The Indonesian Archipelago consists of 17,508 islands with 81,000 km of coastlines of muddy mangrove swamps, and clear calm lagoons. Protected within the fringing reefs, and wild wave swept coral reefs are the most amazing and diverse animals in the world.
Capable of growing enormously large, giant fresh water whiprays are born with the size of only 30 centimeters in disc diameters, similar to the size of newly born common ray species. Another distinctive characteristic of giant whiprays is their ability to adapt and live in saltwater.

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